Cognitive development includes thinking process, memory capacity, ability to solve problems, language and senses like seeing, tasting, hearing, and touching. Mental development means children to see and observe the world with their senses and understand it.
Cognitive development starts in mother’s tummy and continues until adulthood. It is especially fast in the first year of the baby in the world and depends on the interaction with the surroundings.
Therefore, it is quite important to know each step of cognitive development, what to expect from child at every stage and see possible problems in advance.
In this article, you can find stages of cognitive development for babies in the first year
For new born babies;
- Can see people and objects 15-20 cm close to their face
- Can smell and taste
- Sensitive to touch
- Can make noise
- Can turn their head to voices 15-20 cm close
- Can maintain eye contact
- Can observe objects and people
- Able to react to voices
- Can recognize frequently used objects
- Begins to see colours more clearly
- Observes own feet and hands, starts to discover own body
- Can react to voices by making noise
- Starts to cry differently according to different needs
- Recognizes mother’s, Father’s, caregiver’s voice
- Starts to smile
- Starts to analyse objects and react
- Seeing ability develops, can follow fallen objects
- Looks at the reflection at the mirror
- Likes making and hearing noise
- Imitates noises
- Can understand frequently used phrases like “Mommy/daddy is here” or “Time for bath” and react to them
- Observes and analyses objects
- Starts to distinguish people they know and don’t
- Repeats voices like “ba-ba-ba”, “na-na-na”, “da-da-da”.
- Can start to look when called by name
- Looks surroundings with curiosity
- When a toy is hidden, can look around for it.
- Starts to use pointing finger to tell wishes
- Recognizes all members of the family
- Understands simple words like “take”, “give”
- Knows own name
- Can remember a game played before
- Can play alone for a time
- Might want to do simple things alone, like reaching for a toy.
- Can play throwing ball
- Understands “no”
- Understand more words than they can say
- Expected to find hidden toys
- Can make up words for objects
- Try to repeat what people do or say
- Knows places of objects, looks for a toy where they put it last.